Inland protection claims

Entry into Canada signThe procedures followed in processing in-Canada or “inland” claims for refugee protection will depend on whether the claimant entered irregularly or with valid travel documents.

  • Includes irregular entries and entries with valid travel documents (eg a study permit holder who now wishes to claim refugee status)
  • Detention possible in cases of irregular entry (particularly where identity is in question)
  • Refugee claim is made at IRCC office within Canada
  • Legal Aid funding available in some provinces


  • Entering Canada irregularly may lead to interception by the RCMP or local law enforcement
  • Those intercepted are brought to a CBSA office, where an officer conducts an examination
  • Health check, security screening, and determination of eligibility to claim refugee status conducted immediately
  • Screenings include biographic and biometric checks (eg: photograph, fingerprinting)