National Legislative Development Project in Vietnam

The National Legislative Development Project (NLD) is a seven year, $14 million project to support an integrated program of reform of the Vietnamese legislative development process and improve the quality of economic legislation. This project is funded by Global Affairs Canada (formerly the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development).

Over the last two decades, with support from international donors, the Government of Vietnam (GOV) developed and implemented a number of administrative and legislative initiatives to strengthen its legal institutions and improve its processes. One of the measures undertaken by the GOV in that context was to reform its legislative processes. The Law on the Promulgation of Legal Normative Documents (LNDs), hereinafter the LPLND, was adopted in 2015 in an attempt to reform a legal framework – consisting at that time of 200 laws, 100 ordinances and 10,000 ministerial-level LNDs - that had become inconsistent, ineffective and often contradictory.

The NLD was designed to support capacity development initiatives related to four core components of the new law-making process: 

  • Component 1: Strategic planning, needs assessments and performance management

  • Component 2: Policy research, impact assessment and consultation capacities

  • Component 3: Technical skills for legislative drafting

  • Component 4: The consistency, coherence and organization of legislation

The Vietnamese project partners are: the Ministry of Justice (lead partner); Law Committee of the National Assembly; Office of Government; Ministry of Finance; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development; and, the Ministry of Industry and Trade.

The Canadian partners are: the Canadian Bar Association, Ministry of the Attorney General of Ontario (Ontario Justice International) and Stikeman Elliott LLP.

The first phase of the project was launched in May 2013. The main focus of Phase 1 was to conduct a detailed assessment of Vietnam’s legislative development process and to support the development of the 2015 Law on the Promulgation of Legal Normative Documents. Now in Phase 2, the project is supporting activities to support the implementation of the LPLND, including activities to strengthen the capacity of individual institutions and officials, and collaboration between institutions, engaged in the legislative process.